When the Fluid Is Fluid Enough
A new technology called “fluorin” that has been designed to boost the flow of electrons in liquid water can be used in solar panels and other electronics.
The idea is that the electrons flow more freely in liquid and are more energetic than the electrons that are flowing in the air.
When the electrons are accelerated, the ions flow more slowly, so that the energy is conserved.
If the energy transfer is accelerated too quickly, the flow can get confused and the energy can’t be stored.
But the new technology, called “electron-fluoride tandem” or EFT, does not change the properties of the fluid, and the ions stay the same.
The electrons are still moving around, so the energy and flow of the fluids remain the same, says Steven M. Cohen, a professor of materials science and engineering at Purdue University in West Lafayette, Indiana.
“In other words, the electrons remain where they are.”
When electrons are transferred in a liquid, the molecules interact with each other to change the shape of the electrons, the electron pair, and its direction, making the electrons stick together and attract each other.
“If the electrons don’t stick together, you get a big drop in the flow,” Cohen says.
When electrons flow in liquid, they do not change their direction or shape.
They are still the same size.
(Photo: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign via AP) Cohen and his colleagues have developed the technology using a new type of nanomaterial, called fluoroalkyl metal salts, to boost its electrical conductivity.
Fluoroalkynals are one type of metal that can bond with electrons.
In water, when the molecules are immersed in water, the metal forms a surface that allows the electrons to flow through the molecules.
The metal salts are produced when a metal is exposed to water.
These salts form a liquid.
In the future, the researchers say, the technique could be applied to a wide variety of materials and devices.
Fluorine is one of the materials used in lithium-ion batteries.
Its electrons are bound to the lithium ion.
Fluorosulfuric acid is another.
These metals are used in batteries to help make lithium-air batteries.
Fluoric acid and a sulfur-containing metal, sulfuric acid, are often used in catalysts to catalyze reactions in metals.
Fluorentine is used in some catalysts in catalytic engines and catalytic devices.
When these metals interact with a metal, they release energy.
This is the same process that occurs in the metal ions and electrons.
Fluoresulfur and a sulfide, sulfone, are the metals that form the electrodes in solar cells.
The metals can interact with other metals to form a metallic lattice that can then act as an electrode.
Fluorous salts are used as electrodes in the electrolyte in some solar cells, which are typically made from carbon nanotubes.
The technology could be used to improve the efficiency of solar cells by reducing the number of metals that are used, and possibly reducing the cost of the panels, says Cohen.
“I hope this can change the way we use materials,” Cohen said.