How to make hydrogen from a metal electron configuration
Scientists have long wondered how the atoms in hydrogen can be used to form hydrogen.
For instance, the most basic way to make a hydrogen atom involves splitting the hydrogen atoms into smaller, less dense hydrogen atoms, which then are released from the electron configuration.
However, the way hydrogen is formed in aqueous systems requires a specific arrangement of the hydrogen atom atoms that is different from that required for the formation of a heavier hydrogen atom.
A new study in Nature Chemistry reveals that this hydrogen-to-metal atom arrangement is the result of a combination of a weakly interacting weakly coupled dipole, or W-type electron, and a weak interaction, or I-type, dipole.
The researchers found that they could make a new type of atom by adding a W-like electron to the hydrogen and a I-like one to the metal.
They found that this was possible even in conditions that were favorable for hydrogen synthesis, including conditions that could lead to a production of hydrogen that is up to five times heavier than that produced by using conventional chemistry.
In other words, they found that hydrogen atoms are not made from a simple hydrogen molecule, but rather a complex, interlinked structure.
“This is the first time that we’ve shown that a complex interlinked molecule can be made using an electron configuration in the absence of an I- or W-, type electron,” said the study’s first author, Alexander K. Ruzicka, a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard University.
The team also identified a previously unknown way to generate hydrogen from other types of hydrogen.
Specifically, they observed that the new arrangement of hydrogen atoms could be created using the electron configurations of a number of other metals.
“These are very promising results because we can use the W- and I-types to generate a wide variety of different types of ions,” said lead author Matthew R. Smith, a research scientist at Harvard’s Center for Advanced Superconductivity and Quantum Electronics.
“It’s really exciting that we can generate hydrogen and other ions in a simple electron configuration that can be easily converted to a variety of other forms.”
In addition to Ruzika and Smith, other authors of the study include Jia-Qiang Liu, Zhan-Bin Yang, Wei-Shu Lin, and Yuzhu Li.
The research was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant No.
The study is titled “The Heterocyclic-Electron-Aligned Hydrogen Atom Structure as a Potential Source of High-Performance Hydrogen.”
The work was funded by NSF grant R22NS126862.