How to make cobalt-60 and nickel-60 electrodes
Posted Mar 06, 2018 12:17:00 More than 200 years ago, a group of chemists created the first atomically thin electrodes.
They used a chemical known as fluorine to bond with a semiconductor and then produce a material that can be used as an electrode material in a variety of industries, including medical devices, computers and power plants.
In the last century, scientists have found ways to use fluorine for electrodes, but the most common method involves a combination of nickel- and cobalt electrodes.
In 2017, researchers reported using cobalt as an electron source in a device that uses cobalt for an electrode.
The technique is called electron transfer.
But it is complicated, requiring the electrode to be bonded to a substrate or an electrode assembly and containing a number of small, highly specialized electrodes.
It can take days to perform the electron transfer process.
The researchers, led by Dong-Tae Lee, professor of chemistry at UC Davis, developed a new way to make the electrodes with cobalt that is cheaper, simpler and faster than the old method.
The new method makes the electrodes easier to make and to fabricate.
“There is still a lot of work to do before we can apply this method to all electrode applications,” Lee said.
The scientists used a new process that produces an electrode that can form a stable, thin film. “
We’ve made great progress with this method and we’re going to keep doing so,” he said.
The scientists used a new process that produces an electrode that can form a stable, thin film.
“It is very easy to fabricating the electrodes using our new method,” said Andrew Kuepper, a professor of electrical engineering at the University of California, Davis, and co-author of a report on the study published online today in Science.
“But there is still much more to do to make these electrodes as safe as possible,” he added.
The team used a process that consists of mixing fluorine with a chemical called dipyrone and using an electron microscope to produce a thin film that can then be shaped to the shape of an electrode, similar to how the structure of a piece of aluminum is shaped.
They also added fluorine in the process to make an even more stable, stable layer.
The process requires two steps, according to Lee.
First, they use a laser to heat the cobalt to an extremely high temperature, about 10,000 degrees Celsius, and then use the electron microscope, which uses an electron beam to scan a nanometer wide area of the film.
Once they’ve reached the nanometer size, they apply a very strong magnetic field that can force the electrons from the fluorine atoms to the surface of the surface.
The result is a film that is just as thin as a human hair.
The second step is to make a film with a specific type of cobalt.
The cobalt atoms bind to the fluorines and are separated from them by a thin layer of nickel atoms, and they are then allowed to bond together to form a film.
The metal oxide layers on the cobalene films can be made by adding nickel, which has been used for electrodes since the 1930s, to the coballine.
The electrodes also have an additional layer of fluorine.
Lee and his colleagues discovered that the method works for a variety.
For example, they made electrodes for medical devices that use a metal plate that is used to conduct electricity.
They can also make electrodes for computers.
The electrode materials also can be created by combining cobalt with another material, such as aluminum, or a copper wire, and heating them.
The resulting electrode can then form a metal surface.
Lee said that he hopes that the results of his new method can be applied to other types of electrodes, including ones that can conduct electricity but also conduct heat.
The research is a part of the DOE Office of Science.
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